Seller Inventory zk More information about this seller Contact this seller. Condition: New. Never used!. Seller Inventory P Book Description Macmillan. Condition: Nuevo. Seller Inventory How to Begin Studying English Literature. Nicholas Marsh. Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan Ltd , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. This fully revised and expanded third edition offers practical help and guidance.softwerdiseapka.tk/a-la-caza-del-hombre-esquivo/encuentros-y-extravios.pdf
English literature - Wikipedia
It shows the reader how to approach novels, plays and poems, and includes chapters on themes, characters, structure, style, irony and analysis. In addition, sections on writing essays, how to revise, and This text has established itself as a successful and popular introductory student guide. In addition, sections on writing essays, how to revise, and how to use the critics make this book an invaluable companion for anyone beginning to study English literature. Get A Copy. More Details Original Title. Palgrave Study Guides: Literature.
Other Editions 7. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. When i picked up the book in the school's library i thought it could be something aimed at giving inspiration to the learning of literature. Well, not even close! A rigid how-to book with a focus on steps rather than evoking something else in a curious mind over literature.
But it is not that disappointing. Would be best for those who mostly care about finishing their ess When i picked up the book in the school's library i thought it could be something aimed at giving inspiration to the learning of literature. Would be best for those who mostly care about finishing their essays at school. Aug 09, Jonathan rated it really liked it. A thoroughly pragmatic book about how to approach the study of literature. Scott's novel-writing career was launched in with Waverley , often called the first historical novel. Jane Austen 's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century realism.
The European Romantic movement reached America in the early 19th century. American Romanticism was just as multifaceted and individualistic as it was in Europe. Like the Europeans, the American Romantics demonstrated a high level of moral enthusiasm, commitment to individualism and the unfolding of the self, an emphasis on intuitive perception, and the assumption that the natural world was inherently good, while human society was corrupt. Romantic Gothic literature made an early appearance with Washington Irving 's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle , There are picturesque "local color" elements in Washington Irving's essays and especially his travel books.
From the prolific and popular novelist James Fenimore Cooper — began publishing his historical romances of frontier and Indian life. However, Edgar Allan Poe 's tales of the macabre that first appeared in the early s, and his poetry were more influential in France than at home. It was in the Victorian era — that the novel became the leading literary genre in English.
Charles Dickens — emerged on the literary scene in the late s and soon became probably the most famous novelist in the history of English literature. Dickens fiercely satirised various aspects of society, including the workhouse in Oliver Twist , the failures of the legal system in Bleak House ,  An early rival to Dickens was William Makepeace Thackeray — , who during the Victorian period ranked second only to him, but he is now known almost exclusively for Vanity Fair Elizabeth Gaskell — was also a successful writer and her North and South contrasts the lifestyle in the industrial north of England with the wealthier south.
Trollope's novels portray the lives of the landowning and professional classes of early Victorian England. Her works, especially Middlemarch —72 , are important examples of literary realism , and are admired for their combination of high Victorian literary detail, with an intellectual breadth that removes them from the narrow geographic confines they often depict. Hardy is a Victorian realist, in the tradition of George Eliot ,  and like Charles Dickens he was also highly critical of much in Victorian society.
Another significant lateth-century novelist is George Gissing — , who published 23 novels between and His best known novel is New Grub Street Although pre-dated by John Ruskin 's The King of the Golden River in , the history of the modern fantasy genre is generally said to begin with George MacDonald , the influential author of The Princess and the Goblin and Phantastes Wilkie Collins ' epistolary novel The Moonstone , is generally considered the first detective novel in the English language.
Robert Louis Stevenson — was an important Scottish writer at the end of the nineteenth century, author of Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde , and the historical novel Kidnapped Wells 's — writing career began in the s with science fiction novels like The Time Machine , and The War of the Worlds which describes an invasion of late Victorian England by Martians , and Wells is seen, along with Frenchman Jules Verne — , as a major figure in the development of the science fiction genre. He also wrote realistic fiction about the lower middle class in novels like Kipps By the midth century, the pre-eminence of literature from the British Isles began to be challenged by writers from the former American colonies.
A major influence on American writers at this time was Romanticism , which gave rise to New England Transcendentalism , and the publication of Ralph Waldo Emerson 's essay Nature is usually considered the watershed moment at which transcendentalism became a major cultural movement. The romantic American novel developed fully with Nathaniel Hawthorne 's — The Scarlet Letter , a stark drama of a woman cast out of her community for committing adultery.
Hawthorne's fiction had a profound impact on his friend Herman Melville — In Moby-Dick , an adventurous whaling voyage becomes the vehicle for examining such themes as obsession, the nature of evil, and human struggle against the elements. By the s, however, psychological and social realism were competing with Romanticism in the novel. Mark Twain the pen name used by Samuel Langhorne Clemens , — was the first major American writer to be born away from the East Coast—in the border state of Missouri. Twain's style changed the way Americans write their language.
His characters speak like real people and sound distinctively American, using local dialects, newly invented words, and regional accents. Henry James — was a major American novelist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Although born in New York City, he spent most of his adult years in England. Many of his novels center on Americans who live in or travel to Europe.
James confronted the Old World-New World dilemma by writing directly about it. The premier ghost story writer of the 19th century was Sheridan Le Fanu. His works include the macabre mystery novel Uncle Silas , and his Gothic novella Carmilla tells the story of a young woman's susceptibility to the attentions of a female vampire. Bram Stoker 's horror story Dracula belongs to a number of literary genres , including vampire literature , horror fiction , gothic novel and invasion literature. Arthur Conan Doyle 's Sherlock Holmes is a brilliant London-based "consulting detective", famous for his intellectual prowess.
Conan Doyle wrote four novels and 56 short stories featuring Holmes, which were published between and All but four Holmes stories are narrated by Holmes' friend, assistant, and biographer, Dr. The Lost World literary genre was inspired by real stories of archaeological discoveries by imperial adventurers. Rider Haggard wrote one of the earliest examples, King Solomon's Mines , in Contemporary European politics and diplomatic manoeuvrings informed Anthony Hope 's Ruritanian adventure novel The Prisoner of Zenda Literature for children developed as a separate genre.
Some works become internationally known, such as those of Lewis Carroll , Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass. Robert Louis Stevenson 's — Treasure Island , is the classic pirate adventure. At the end of the Victorian era and leading into the Edwardian era, Beatrix Potter was an author and illustrator, best known for her children's books, which featured animal characters. In her thirties, Potter published the highly successful children's book The Tale of Peter Rabbit in Potter eventually went on to publish 23 children's books, and became a wealthy woman.
The poetry of this period was heavily influenced by the Romantics , but also went off in its own directions. Literary criticism in the 20th century gradually drew attention to the links between Victorian poetry and modernism. He was described by T. Eliot, as "the greatest master of metrics as well as melancholia", and as having "the finest ear of any English poet since Milton". Dante Gabriel Rossetti — was a poet, illustrator, painter and translator. Yeats went on to become an important modernist in the 20th century. Housman published at his own expense A Shropshire Lad. Writers of comic verse included the dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator W.
Gilbert — , who is best known for his fourteen comic operas , produced in collaboration with the composer Sir Arthur Sullivan , of which the most famous include H. Pinafore , and The Pirates of Penzance. Novelist Thomas Hardy — wrote poetry throughout his career, but he did not publish his first collection until , so that he tends to be treated as a 20th-century poet. Now regarded as a major poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins 's — Poems were published posthumously by Robert Bridges in America also produced major poets in the 19th century, such as Emily Dickinson — and Walt Whitman — America's two greatest 19th-century poets could hardly have been more different in temperament and style.
Walt Whitman —92 was a working man, a traveler, a self-appointed nurse during the American Civil War —65 , and a poetic innovator. His major work was Leaves of Grass , in which he uses a free-flowing verse and lines of irregular length to depict the all-inclusiveness of American democracy. Emily Dickinson — , on the other hand, lived the sheltered life of a genteel, unmarried woman in small-town Amherst, Massachusetts.
Within its formal structure, her poetry is ingenious, witty, exquisitely wrought, and psychologically penetrating. Her work was unconventional for its day, and little of it was published during her lifetime. The length of runs in the theatre changed rapidly during the Victorian period. As transport improved, poverty in London diminished, and street lighting made for safer travel at night, the number of potential patrons for the growing number of theatres increased enormously.
Plays could run longer and still draw in the audiences, leading to better profits and improved production values. The first play to achieve consecutive performances was the London comedy Our Boys , opening in Its record of 1, performances was bested in by Charley's Aunt. Several of Gilbert and Sullivan 's comic operas broke the performance barrier, beginning with H. Pinafore in , and Alfred Cellier and B. Stephenson 's hit, Dorothy , ran for performances. After W. Gilbert , Oscar Wilde became the leading poet and dramatist of the late Victorian period. Wilde's plays, in particular, stand apart from the many now forgotten plays of Victorian times and have a much closer relationship to those of the Edwardian dramatists such as Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw — , whose career began in the last decade of the 19th century, Wilde's comic masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest , holds an ironic mirror to the aristocracy and displays a mastery of wit and paradoxical wisdom.
English literary modernism developed in the early twentieth-century out of a general sense of disillusionment with Victorian era attitudes of certainty, conservatism, and belief in the idea of objective truth.
Frazer — , Karl Marx — Das Kapital , , and the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud — , among others. A major British lyric poet of the first decades of the twentieth-century was Thomas Hardy — Though not a modernist, Hardy was an important transitional figure between the Victorian era and the twentieth-century. A major novelist of the late nineteenth-century, Hardy lived well into the third decade of the twentieth-century, though he only published poetry in this period.
Another significant transitional figure between Victorians and modernists, the late nineteenth-century novelist, Henry James — , continued to publish major novels into the twentieth-century, including The Golden Bowl Polish-born modernist novelist Joseph Conrad — published his first important works, Heart of Darkness , in and Lord Jim in However, the Victorian Gerard Manley Hopkins 's — highly original poetry was not published until , long after his death, while the career of another major modernist poet, Irishman W.
Yeats — , began late in the Victorian era. Yeats was one of the foremost figures of twentieth-century English literature. But while modernism was to become an important literary movement in the early decades of the new century, there were also many fine writers who, like Thomas Hardy, were not modernists.
During the early decades of the twentieth-century the Georgian poets like Rupert Brooke — , and Walter de la Mare — , maintained a conservative approach to poetry by combining romanticism, sentimentality and hedonism. Irish playwrights George Bernard Shaw — , J. Shaw's career began in the last decade of the nineteenth-century, while Synge's plays belong to the first decade of the twentieth-century. Synge's most famous play, The Playboy of the Western World , "caused outrage and riots when it was first performed" in Dublin in Novelists who are not considered modernists include H.
Forster 's — , though Forster's work is "frequently regarded as containing both modernist and Victorian elements". The most popular British writer of the early years of the twentieth-century was arguably Rudyard Kipling — a highly versatile writer of novels, short stories and poems. In addition to W. Yeats other important early modernists poets were the American-born poet T. Eliot — Eliot became a British citizen in but was born and educated in America. Amongst the novelists, after Joseph Conrad , other important early modernists include Dorothy Richardson — , whose novel Pointed Roof , is one of the earliest example of the stream of consciousness technique, and D.
Lawrence — , who published The Rainbow in —though it was immediately seized by the police—and Women in Love in Ulysses has been called "a demonstration and summation of the entire movement". Important British writers between the World Wars , include the Scottish poet Hugh MacDiarmid — , who began publishing in the s, and novelist Virginia Woolf — , who was an influential feminist , and a major stylistic innovator associated with the stream-of-consciousness technique in novels like Mrs Dalloway and To the Lighthouse Eliot had begun this attempt to revive poetic drama with Sweeney Agonistes in , and this was followed by others including three further plays after the war.
In Parenthesis , a modernist epic poem based on author David Jones 's — experience of World War I, was published in An important development, beginning in the s and s was a tradition of working class novels actually written by working-class background writers. This same year Graham Greene 's — first major novel Brighton Rock was published.
Then in James Joyce 's published Finnegans Wake , in which he creates a special language to express the consciousness of a dreaming character. Yeats , died. British poet W. Auden — was another significant modernist in the s. Though some have seen modernism ending by around ,  with regard to English literature, "When if modernism petered out and postmodernism began has been contested almost as hotly as when the transition from Victorianism to modernism occurred".
Eliot , Dorothy Richardson , and Ezra Pound.
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Furthermore, Basil Bunting , born in , published little until Briggflatts in and Samuel Beckett , born in Ireland in , continued to produce significant works until the s, though some view him as a post-modernist. Among British writers in the s and s were poet Dylan Thomas and novelist Graham Greene whose works span the s to the s, while Evelyn Waugh , W.
Auden continued publishing into the s. Postmodern literature is both a continuation of the experimentation championed by writers of the modernist period relying heavily, for example, on fragmentation, paradox, questionable narrators, etc.
How To Begin Studying English Literature
Postmodern literature, like postmodernism as a whole, is difficult to define and there is little agreement on the exact characteristics, scope, and importance of postmodern literature. Thompson , Truman Capote and Thomas Pynchon. Other novelists writing in the s and later were: Anthony Powell whose twelve-volume cycle of novels A Dance to the Music of Time , is a comic examination of movements and manners, power and passivity in English political, cultural and military life in the midth century; Nobel Prize laureate William Golding 's allegorical novel Lord of the Flies , explores how culture created by man fails, using as an example a group of British schoolboys marooned on a deserted island.
Philosopher Iris Murdoch was a prolific writer of novels throughout the second half of the 20th century, that deal especially with sexual relationships, morality, and the power of the unconscious. Scottish writer Muriel Spark pushed the boundaries of realism in her novels.
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , at times takes the reader briefly into the distant future, to see the various fates that befall its characters. Anthony Burgess is especially remembered for his dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange , set in the not-too-distant future.
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During the s and s, Paul Scott wrote his monumental series on the last decade of British rule in India , The Raj Quartet — Scotland has in the late 20th century produced several important novelists, including the writer of How Late it Was, How Late , James Kelman , who like Samuel Beckett can create humour out of the most grim situations and Alasdair Gray whose Lanark: A Life in Four Books is a dystopian fantasy set in a surreal version of Glasgow called Unthank. An important cultural movement in the British theatre which developed in the late s and early s was Kitchen sink realism or "kitchen sink drama" , a term coined to describe art, novels, film and television plays.
The term angry young men was often applied to members of this artistic movement. It used a style of social realism which depicts the domestic lives of the working class, to explore social issues and political issues. The Theatre of the Absurd influenced Harold Pinter born , The Birthday Party , , whose works are often characterised by menace or claustrophobia. Stoppard's works are however also notable for their high-spirited wit and the great range of intellectual issues which he tackles in different plays.
An important new element in the world of British drama, from the beginnings of radio in the s, was the commissioning of plays, or the adaption of existing plays, by BBC radio.
This was especially important in the s and s and from the s for television. Many major British playwrights in fact, either effectively began their careers with the BBC, or had works adapted for radio, including Caryl Churchill and Tom Stoppard whose "first professional production was in the fifteen-minute Just Before Midnight programme on BBC Radio, which showcased new dramatists". Other notable radio dramatists included Brendan Behan , and novelist Angela Carter. Major poets like T.
Eliot, W. Auden and Dylan Thomas were still publishing in this period. Though W. Auden 's — career began in the s and s he published several volumes in the s and s. His stature in modern literature has been contested, but probably the most common critical view from the s onward ranked him as one of the three major twentieth-century British poets, and heir to Yeats and Eliot. Northern Ireland has also produced a number of other significant poets, including Derek Mahon and Paul Muldoon. In the s and s Martian poetry aimed to break the grip of 'the familiar', by describing ordinary things in unfamiliar ways, as though, for example, through the eyes of a Martian.
Poets most closely associated with it are Craig Raine and Christopher Reid. Another literary movement in this period was the British Poetry Revival was a wide-reaching collection of groupings and subgroupings that embraces performance , sound and concrete poetry. Their work was a self-conscious attempt at creating an English equivalent to the American Beats.
Other noteworthy later twentieth-century poets are Welshman R. Geoffrey Hill born is considered one of the most distinguished English poets of his generation,  Charles Tomlinson born is another important English poet of an older generation, though "since his first publication in , has built a career that has seen more notice in the international scene than in his native England. From on a significant number of major writers came from countries that had over the centuries been settled by the British, other than America which had been producing significant writers from at least the Victorian period.
There had of course been a few important works in English prior to from the then British Empire. The first major novelist, writing in English, from the Indian sub-continent , R. Narayan , began publishing in England in the s, thanks to the encouragement of English novelist Graham Greene. Doris Lessing from Southern Rhodesia , now Zimbabwe , was a dominant presence in the English literary scene, frequently publishing from on throughout the 20th century, and she won the Nobel Prize for Literature in Salman Rushdie is another post Second World War writers from the former British colonies who permanently settled in Britain.
Rushdie achieved fame with Midnight's Children His most controversial novel The Satanic Verses , was inspired in part by the life of Muhammad. Naipaul born , born in Trinidad , was another immigrant, who wrote among other things A Bend in the River Naipaul won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
From Nigeria a number of writers have achieved an international reputation for works in English, including novelist Chinua Achebe , as well as playwright Wole Soyinka. Other South African writers in English are novelist J. Coetzee Nobel Prize and playwright Athol Fugard. An Australian Patrick White , a major novelist in this period, whose first work was published in , won in
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